Symptoms and treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy

Expecting a baby is undoubtedly a wonderful time in the life of any member of the fair sex. But it is often fraught with various worries and complications. One of them is varicose veins during pregnancy. The growth of the fetus puts a lot of stress on a woman's legs, the arteries sometimes become unbearable, and this unpleasant disease occurs. It not only spoils the aesthetic appearance, but also is extremely dangerous to health and even life. More about this in the article.

The main causes of pathology

Varicose veins are common in pregnant women; every third woman faces this.

There are several reasons why varicose veins appear during pregnancy:

  1. During pregnancy, the composition of the blood changes, fibrinogen increases. It is "responsible" for the viscosity of the blood. This means that the blood thickens, it is more difficult to move between the arteries, and normal blood flow is disrupted. Therefore, the veins do not catch and dilate. In addition, an increase in fibrinogen increases the likelihood of blood clots.
  2. Increased progesterone in the blood is an unfavorable factor for blood vessels. The fact is that this hormone reduces the tone of the uterus, protecting the body from miscarriage and premature birth. And at the same time the vascular tone decreases.
  3. Blood volume doubles during pregnancy, causing the arteries to cope with abnormal blood volume and deform.
  4. As mentioned above, fetal growth causes increased pressure in the arteries.

In addition, a woman may have indirect negative factors for the development of varicose veins during pregnancy:

  • hereditary factor;
  • fast weight loss;
  • Deficiency of fiber and vitamins in the diet of pregnant women;
  • low mobility.

If a mother suffers from varicose veins in her legs during pregnancy, then her daughter will face this problem.

Symptoms of varicose veins during pregnancy

Causes of varicose veins during pregnancy

At the beginning of the disease, a woman may not experience any symptoms at all. Then spider veins and reticules appear. But few people pay attention to them. However, in the evening, when the legs swell and cramps appear at night, many are already worried.

Then the veins begin to appear to the naked eye, "coming out" on the surface of the skin of the feet. This not only spoils the look, but also causes discomfort. It could be worse! Indeed, blood clots can form in the dilated arteries, which already threatens the life of the woman and the fetus.

It is not possible to completely cure varicose veins during pregnancy, you can get rid of the pathology only after birth.

In addition, with regard to varicose veins in the legs during pregnancy, the following are of concern:

  • weight on the legs;
  • has trouble walking (sometimes his legs are so swollen that it is difficult to walk);
  • Pain in the legs.

Of course, many pregnant women dream of getting rid of these symptoms. For this purpose, you should contact a phlebologist or surgeon, who will tell you what to do.

The most common types

Only varicose veins in the legs during pregnancy.

There are also varicose veins:

  • vulva;
  • labia;
  • rectum (better known as hemorrhoids).

The most common varicose veins among pregnant women are lower extremities and hemorrhoids. The latter causes many problems for a woman - pain during bowel movements and blood in the stool. If you do not start treatment for varicose veins on time during pregnancy, then there can be big problems: venous bleeding. To prevent this from happening, you should contact a doctor in a timely manner. It will tell you how to treat varicose veins during pregnancy.

Effective Treatment

Currently, there are many treatments for varicose veins for pregnant women. But it is very dangerous to determine them yourself. Because most drugs have serious contraindications. The doctor will prescribe an appropriate treatment that will not harm the mother or baby.

Treatment of varicose veins in pregnant women usually consists of oral medications and ointments for external use. But beware: some cannot be used in the first trimester.

You can also use traditional medicine in the treatment of varicose veins in pregnant women. But first you should consult your doctor, because many of these recipes can be harmful to the life of the baby.

Popular methods of struggle

Some of the healthiest traditional medicine recipes for pregnant women:

  1. apple cider vinegar.Varicose veins can be rubbed into the affected areas of the legs or taken orally, but only in a specific dose. You should add a teaspoon of vinegar to a glass of water and drink it once a day. Positive changes will appear a month after such treatment.
  2. The horse was chestnut.This plant is always in the first place among the treatment of varicose veins. Because it perfectly strengthens the vascular wall, eliminates swelling, relieves cramps and heaviness in the legs. You can rub the veins with horse chestnut tincture and drink it in consultation with your doctor. You should take the tincture twice a day, a certain drop to be prescribed by your doctor. You have to take a break after ten days. Then the reception can be repeated.
  3. Green tomatoes.After cutting the tomato in half lengthwise, it is necessary to stick it to the injured legs. Hold until a burning sensation appears. Some tie them to their feet all night and wash them in cold water in the morning.
  4. Kalanchoe tincturecan be used to rub your feet, it should be done every day for three months.
  5. Potatoes.Grate a few raw potatoes, put the grease on a cloth and compress. Wrap tightly, remove after 4 hours.
  6. wormwood.Grind wormwood flowers until smooth, dilute with milk and rub on feet. Close the lid, remove the compress after 2 hours.

Healing gymnastics

Medical gymnastics also helps with varicose veins. There are several exercises for pregnant women that can reduce the incidence of this disease.

Some of them are:

  1. Sit in a chair, making circular movements of each leg in turn. Repeat 10 times.
  2. Lie on your back, carefully lift your legs, imitating cycling, and move your legs.
  3. Get up and roll over on your feet. Repeat 10 times.
  4. Walk on the floor for 2 minutes without lifting socks.

Walking up the stairs is very useful. It is also important to walk a lot in the fresh air - walking normalizes blood flow. After the tension, your legs should be raised 20 degrees and stretched to the back.

Basics of Prevention

A good prevention and treatment of varicose veins is the use of compression stockings. The attending physician will assist you in choosing the appearance and compression.

Methods of treatment of varicose veins during pregnancy

There are only a few types of compression stockings:

  • tights;
  • socks;
  • knee heights;
  • elastic bandages.

Pantyhose against varicose veins for pregnant women is used for varicose veins in large areas of the legs from the feet to the thighs. It is used above the knee for small varicose veins in the area up to the knee. Elastic bandages fixed to the legs and then wrapped up to the thighs also help successfully.

The main treatment for varicose veins during pregnancy is to prevent thrombosis and ensure good blood circulation.

Knitwear should be worn in the morning, preferably before getting out of bed. Before that, you can apply a healing cream. Then you need to lie down for another ten minutes to normalize blood circulation. You can take it off before bed and wear it all day.

A pregnant woman should take the following measures to prevent varicose veins:

  1. Sleep on the left side at night. This has a beneficial effect on the fetus and the mother's blood vessels.
  2. Walk more in the fresh air. As you move, the vessel wall strengthens, the blood is saturated with oxygen, and the blood composition improves. Walking prevents blood clotting.
  3. To normalize the diet, a pregnant woman's diet should contain all the necessary minerals and vitamins. You can also take vitamin complexes.
  4. Do special exercises for pregnant women.
  5. Avoid sitting and standing for long periods of time.
  6. Make sure a pregnant woman does not gain weight too quickly.
  7. Wear comfortable shoes with low heels.
  8. A special bandage should be used to support the abdomen.
  9. Never drink and never drink alcohol.
  10. It is useful for pregnant women to visit the pool.
  11. Contrasting shower strengthens blood vessels very well. It should be taken only in the morning. Hot baths, baths and saunas are prohibited during pregnancy.
  12. Relax more with your high legs.

And make sure you follow your doctor's advice, otherwise you will not be able to avoid the unpleasant consequences of varicose veins.

Outcomes of the disease

If you do not treat varicose veins, then very serious complications are possible. Some even threaten the lives of the mother and baby.

Some complications of varicose veins during pregnancy:

  1. Thrombosis. Blood clots may form in dilated vessels. Sometimes they break and pass through ships, which is very dangerous.
  2. Pulmonary embolism. This is a serious and life-threatening condition in which blood clots travel to the lungs, impeding blood circulation and oxygen supply. There are no initial symptoms that complicate the diagnosis of the disease.
  3. Thrombophlebitis. Blood clots in the vessel cause inflammation. In this case, the joint appears red and swollen. Severe pain and itching in certain areas of the symptoms are disturbing.
  4. Trophic ulcer. Such a complication occurs with varicose veins and diabetes mellitus. In this case, not only the skin, but also the bones and tendons become inflamed. The process develops over a long period of time, and various infections join it.

Therefore, in order to prevent such terrible complications, it is necessary to see the disease in time and start treatment. It is important to follow all the prescriptions of the treating physician.

07.10.2020