Symptoms of varicose veins

Signs and symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

The circulatory system, like any other organ in the human body, needs constant exercise and a healthy tone. The heart acts as a pump in the body, but over time, especially if the tone of the venous apparatus decreases, it becomes increasingly difficult to perform its function.

Weakened valves in the walls of the arteries stop closing completely and the blood begins to stagnate in the arteries. For this reason, it expands further and a kind of chaotic circle is formed.

Defects of the venous system are usually observed in the lower part of the body. This localization is explained by the effect of gravity. One of the most difficult lower extremities to "pump" blood. There are several groups of the disease: varicose veins in the legs and varicose veins of the uterus.

The symptoms of each group are completely different. Changes can be observed in both superficial and deep veins of the lower extremities. In addition, the defeat of superficial vessels is detected at an early stage.

There are a number of factors that suggest varicose veins: edema symptoms in the legs, a feeling of "heaviness" in the legs, deviation, burning. All these symptoms are combined with a property, which allows us to understand that it is a varicose vein - the symptoms of the early stages of development disappear without a trace in the morning.

Causes of varicose veins

What are the main causes of changes in the arteries of the lower extremities? Varicose veins are more common than inherited diseases. Despite the fact that in every generation there are families where the lower extremities are symptoms of varicose veins. However, there is still no consensus on hereditary predisposition.

Prolonged standing on the legs causes the appearance of varicose veins.

How varicose veins manifest themselves in the legs

The main risk factors for this disease are: obesity, work characteristics (more common in people who have to stand for a long time during the working day), weight lifting, wearing tight clothing that constricts blood vessels.

If you belong to a risk group, you should monitor your condition carefully and see a doctor immediately when the first symptoms of varicose veins appear.

As mentioned above, the first manifestation of the disease may be associated with evening fatigue in the legs. This is due to the fact that all the unpleasant manifestations disappear by morning. Man feels relaxed and sees no reason to worry.

Symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities

This fact is why for decades they have been able to diagnose varicose veins of the lower extremities - the symptoms are very difficult to recognize in the early stages. Let's take a closer look at them.


It can range from mild anxiety to a condition that requires pain medication. The nature of the pain can also be different: burning and aches, aches and pains and cramps at night, pain during walking or along the entire length of the veins.

Any leg pain that is not related to trauma makes you think that varicose veins of the lower extremities are not a symptom.

Among the manifestations of varicose veins are the following:

  1. Occurrence of evening edema.
  2. Appearance of "heaviness", fullness in the legs.
  3. Another symptom that is important for varicose veins of the lower extremities is skin changes. The skin becomes drier, then pigmentation spots appear, which can further increase the development of trophic ulcers.
  4. An example of small subcutaneous veins appears on the skin. The reason for this is the same - the veins dilate and become more visible.
  5. In the later stages of the disease, dilated veins of the legs and feet can be observed with various forms of dilation. This is the main symptom of varicose veins - treatment should be started immediately!

stages of development

Manifestations of the disease can be divided into stages:

  1. The first stage - cosmetic defects begin to appear.
  2. The second stage - there is an evening discomfort in the legs.
  3. The third stage - edema, pigmentation, a feeling of fullness in the legs.
  4. The fourth stage - trophic ulcers appear.

You should start treatment for varicose veins as soon as you notice any major symptoms - the symptoms will not go away on their own.

The disease will not go away on its own. If the disease is delayed, serious complications such as thrombophlebitis, thrombosis and venous hemorrhage can occur.

Possible complications

Possible complications of varicose veins

Thrombosis (complete blockage of the venous bed) and thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the vessel wall) occur suddenly and are the most serious conditions that can lead to organ loss (in an unpleasant combination of conditions).

Varicose veins can cause thrombosis.

Skin discoloration (which may turn red or blue) characterized by the onset of acute excruciating pain may occur, and superficial pain may be observed.

In a situation where a blood clot breaks, the whole body is already at risk, and in the case of thromboembolism (thrombus blockage), the lungs or other vital vessels can die.

Treatment of the disease is prescribed by a doctor. You should definitely seek help when the first suspicions of varicose veins of the lower extremities or small pelvis appear.

A qualified phlebologist will prescribe the right combination of medications, traditional medicine and give basic recommendations for lifestyle changes. After all, it is a leading factor in the development of the disease.